A meniscal tear is a very common injury when it comes to sports and if the injury is so acute that you need to remove it completely, then arthroscopic meniscectomy can be the way to do it. Orthopaedic surgeons determine whether you really need an arthroscopic meniscectomy or not or whether a simple arthroscopic meniscal repair will be enough.
Your doctor will review your condition keeping in mind the type of tear that you have encountered and your age as well, and then decide whether you really need an arthroscopic meniscectomy or not. Co-morbidities and stability of the tear are some other factors which must be considered before you finally opt for undergoing the surgery.
If a non-degenerative or degenerative tear in your meniscus shows signs of stability, then it is suggested by the doctors to treat it non-surgically. On the contrary, if there are symptoms of instability in your meniscus, then a surgical treatment is necessary. Sometimes, the doctors also advise to go for partial meniscectomy in which only a portion of the meniscus that has torn is removed keeping rest of its part intact. But if the doctors feel, that other less invasive treatments are not of use, then a total meniscectomy can also be opted. The success rate of the operations is usually elevated if the operation is done with concomitant ACL reconstruction.
The step by step procedure of an arthroscopic meniscectomy is depicted below:
After the surgery has been successfully completed, the patients will have to undergo a rehabilitation therapy that will help him or her to get back the stability they have lost. Intensive muscle strengthening and balance training is given to the patients.